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Trump Approves Strikes Against Iran but Delays Carrying Out the Attack.

1.President Trump approved military strikes against Iran in retaliation for downing an American surveillance drone, but pulled back from launching them on Thursday night after a day of escalating tensions. As late as 7 p. m. , military and diplomatic officials were expecting a strike, after intense discussions and debate at the White House among the president's top national security officials and congressional leaders, according to multiple senior administration officials involved in or briefed on the deliberations

 

retaliationnoun

 UK  /rɪˌtæl.iˈeɪ.ʃən/ US  /rɪˌtæl.iˈeɪ.ʃən/

the act of hurting someone or doing something harmful to someone because they have done or said something harmful to you:报复

down

 UK  /daʊn/ US  /daʊn/

down adverb (LOWER POSITION)

 in or towards a low or lower position, from a higher one

在下面;向下,朝下

Is this lift going down?这部电梯是向下开的吗?

Don't look down! You'll get dizzy.别朝下看!你会头晕的。

down verb (LOWER POSITION)

to cause something or someone to fall to the ground

使跌倒,使倒下;使掉下

We downed three enemy planes with our missiles.咱们用导弹击落了3架敌机。

surveillancenoun

 UK  /səˈveɪ.ləns/ US  /sɚˈveɪ.ləns/

the careful watching of a person or placeespecially by the police or army, because of acrime that has happened or is expected

(尤指差人或戎行的)监督,跟踪

The police have kept the nightclub under surveillance because of suspected illegal drug activity.这家夜总会因涉嫌不合法毒品活动而被警方监督。

More banks are now installing surveillance cameras.现在更多的银行开端装置监控摄像机。

launch

 UK  /lɔːntʃ/ US  /lɑːntʃ/

launch noun(EVENT)

an event to celebrate or introduce something new

发起典礼,发布会

How much champagne will we need for the launch?这次发布会咱们需求多少香槟酒?launch verb (BEGIN)

to begin something such as a plan or introduce something new such as aproduct

发起,推出,建议

The programme was launched a year ago.这项方案是1年前开端施行的。

devastating attack was launched on the rebel stronghold.向叛军堡垒建议了强烈的进攻。

escalateverb

 UK  /ˈes.kə.leɪt/ US  /ˈes.kə.leɪt/

to become or make something become greater or more serious

(使)增强;(使)扩展;(使)加重;(使)恶化

His financial problems escalated after he became unemployed.他赋闲后,经济问题更是落井下石。

The decision to escalate UN involvement has been made in the hopes of a swift end to the hostilities.已决议加大联合国介入的力度,以期赶快完毕仇视。

tensionnoun

 UK  /ˈten.ʃən/ US  /ˈten.ʃən/

tension noun (FEELING)

1.feeling of nervousness before an important or difficult event

(精神上的)严重,焦虑,着急

You could feel the tension in the room as we waited for our exam results.咱们等候考试成果出来的时分,你能够感觉到屋子里的严重气氛。

2.[ C usually plural or U ]feeling of fear or anger between two groups of people who do nottrust each other

(互不信赖的人群之间的)严重联系;严重局势

ethnic/racial tension民族/种族间的严重联系

There are growing tensions between the two countries.两国间的联系日益严重。

multipleadjective

 UK  /ˈmʌl.tɪ.pəl/ US  /ˈmʌl.tə.pəl/

very many of the same type, or of different types

多个的;多种的

We made multiple copies of the report.咱们把陈述复印了多份。

briefadjective

 UK  /briːf/ US  /briːf/

brief  adjective (SHORT IN TIME)

1.lasting only a short time or containing few words

时刻短的;简略的

His acceptance speech was mercifully brief.幸而他的获奖感言很简略。

The company issued a brief statement about yesterday's accident.那家公司就昨日的事端宣布了简略的声明。

2.used to express how quickly time goes past

(时刻)时刻短的,飞快的

For a few brief weeks we were very happy.在短短的几周里,咱们过得非常愉快。

brief  verb

 to give someone detailed instructions or information

介绍状况;给指示

We had already been briefed about/on what the job would entail.现已有人向咱们介绍了作业内容。

deliberationnoun

 UK  /dɪˌlɪb.əˈreɪ.ʃən/ US  /dɪˌlɪb.əˈreɪ.ʃən/

deliberation noun (DISCUSSION)

formal considering or discussing something

考虑;谈论 

After much deliberation, she decided to accept their offer.通过重复考虑,她决议承受他们的报价。

After five days of deliberations, the jury decided on a verdict.通过5天的谈论,陪审团作出了判定。

特朗普总统赞同对伊朗进行军事冲击,以报复击落一架美国无人侦察机的行为,但在严重局势晋级后一天,特朗普于周四晚撤回了对伊朗建议的军事冲击。据多位参与或听取了谈论介绍的政府高档官员说,直到晚上7点,在白宫,总统的最高国家安全官员和国会领导人进行了剧烈的谈论和争辩之后,军方和交际官员预计会施行冲击。


2.Officials said the president had initially approved attacks on a handful of Iranian targets, like radar and missile batteries. The operation was underway in its early stages when it was called off, a senior administration official said. Planes were in the air and ships were in position, but no missiles had been fired when word came to stand down, the official said. The abrupt reversal put a halt to what would have been the president's third military action against targets in the Middle East


initiallyadverb

 UK /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl.i/ US  /ɪˈnɪʃ.əl.i/ 

 at the beginning开始,一开端

Initially, most people approved of the new plan.起先,大部分人都赞同这个新方案。

handfulnoun

 UK  /ˈhænd.fʊl/ US  /ˈhænd.fʊl/

handful noun (AMOUNT)

 an amount of something that can be held in one hand

一把(之量)

He pulled out a handful of coins from his pocket.他从口袋里掏出一把硬币。

handful noun (A FEW)

 small number of people or things少量,少量

She invited all her friends to her party, but only a handful of them turned up.她请了许多朋友参与她的集会,但只要少量几个参与。

call sth off

 to decide that a planned eventespecially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible

吊销,间断,间断(尤指体育赛事)

Tomorrow's match has been called off because of the icy weather.由于气候冰冷,明日的竞赛吊销了。

stand down

1.to give up your official job or position离任,退职;下台

He's decided to stand down after 15 years as managing director.当了15年总经理后,他决议退下来。

2.to withdraw from military operations撤回(军事举动)

abruptadjective

 UK  /əˈbrʌpt/ US  /əˈbrʌpt/

abrupt adjective (SUDDEN)

sudden and unexpected, and often unpleasant

忽然的;意外的

an abrupt change/movement骤变/突发状况

reversalnoun

 UK  /rɪˈvɜː.səl/ US  /rɪˈvɝː.səl/

1.the act of changing or making something change to its opposite

反向;倒转;后退;推翻

He demanded a reversal of the previous decision/policy.他要求吊销本来的决议/抛弃原先的方针。

2.problem or failure

波折;失利

We have suffered a couple of minor/temporary reversals.咱们遭受了几回小/暂时的波折。

haltnoun

 UK  /hɒlt/ US  /hɑːlt/

an occasion when something stops moving or happening

间断,停下,间断

the recent halt in production最近的停产

The bus came to a halt (= stopped) just in time to avoid hitting the wall.公共汽车正好及时停下,没有撞到墙上。

call/put a halt to sth

to prevent something from continuing

间断,间断

How many more people will have to die before they call/put a halt to the fighting?还要死多少人他们才会休战?

官员们称,总统开始赞同对伊朗的一些方针发起进犯,比方雷达和导弹。一名高档政府官员说,该举动在被吊销时还处于前期阶段。这名官员说,飞机在空中,船舶也已准备就绪,但还没有发射导弹这时撤回举动的指令下来了。这一忽然反转使总统间断了针对中东方针的第三次军事举动。

 

3.Mr. Trump had struck twice at targets in Syria, in 2017 and 2018. It was not clear whether Mr. Trump simply changed his mind on the strikes or whether the administration altered course because of logistics or strategy.It was also not clear whether the attacks might still go forward. Asked about the plans for a strike and the decision to hold back, the White House declined to comment, as did Pentagon officials

 

alterverb

 UK  /ˈɒl.tər/ US  /ˈɑːl.tɚ/

alter verb (CHANGE)

 1.to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to change(通常指细微地)改动,修正;改动,(使)改变

Giving up our car has radically altered our lifestyle.弃车不必使咱们的生活方式发生了根本性的改变。

 2.to change the size of clothes so that they fit better

改动(衣服使其更合身)

I took the coat back to the shop to have it altered.我把外套拿回店里去改一下。

logisticsnoun

 UK  /ləˈdʒɪs.tɪks/ US  /ləˈdʒɪs.tɪks/

the careful organization of a complicated activity so that it happens in a successful andeffective way后勤;后勤学

We need to look at the logistics of the whole aid operation.咱们需求审视整个帮助举动的后勤保障作业。

hold back

to not do something, often because of fear or because you do not want to make abad situation worse(常指因惊骇或不肯让工作变得更糟而)畏缩,不做 

He held back, terrified of going into the dark room.他畏缩了,不敢进入漆黑的房间。

特朗普曾在2017年和2018年两次突击在叙利亚的方针。现在尚不清楚仅仅是特朗普改动了冲击的主见,仍是政府由于后勤或战略而改动了进程。现在还不清楚突击是否还会持续。当被问及突击方案和暂停突击的决议时,白宫和五角大楼官员均回绝谈论。

 

4.No government officials asked The New York Times to withhold the article. The retaliation plan was intended as a response to the shooting down of the unmanned, $130 million surveillance drone, which was struck Thursday morning by an Iranian surface-to-air missile, according to a senior administration official who was briefed on the military planning and spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss confidential plans. The strike was set to take place just before dawn Friday in Iran to minimize risk to the Iranian military and civilians. But military officials received word a short time later that the strike was off, at least temporarily.

 

withholdverb

 UK  /wɪðˈhəʊld/ US  /wɪðˈhoʊld/

to refuse to give something or to keep back something

回绝给与;拘留

to withhold information/support回绝供给音讯/给予支撑

During the trial, the prosecution was accused of withholding crucial evidence from the defence.审判期间,原告方被指控对被告方隐瞒了非常重要的依据。

unmannedadjective

 UK  /ʌnˈmænd/ US  /ʌnˈmænd/

used to refer to a spacecraft, or a place where military guards work, that has no people present to operate or be in charge of it(宇宙飞船或岗哨)无人的

an unmanned mission to the planet Mars对火星的无人勘探飞翔

surface-to-air missilenoun

 UK  /ˌsɜː.fɪs.təˌeə ˈmɪs.aɪl/ US  /ˌsɝː.fɪs.təˌer ˈmɪs.əl/ 

missile (= flying weapon) that is fired from land or the sea towards aircraft or other missiles 地(或舰)对空导弹

anonymitynoun

 UK  /ˌæn.ɒnˈɪm.ə.ti/ US  /ˌæn.əˈnɪm.ə.t̬i/

the situation in which someone's name is not given or known

匿名;无名;不揭露名字

The police have reassured witnesses that they will be guaranteed anonymity.警方让目睹证人定心,确保不揭露他们的名字。

confidentialadjective

 UK  /ˌkɒn.fɪˈden.ʃəl/ US  /ˌkɑːn.fəˈden.ʃəl/

secret, often in a formalbusiness, or military situation

隐秘的,秘要的

All information will be treated as strictly confidential.一切的信息都将被视作绝密。

minimizeverb

 uk usually minimise UK  /ˈmɪn.ɪ.maɪz/ US  /ˈmɪn.ə.maɪz/

 to reduce something to the least possible level or amount

使降到最低极限;使减到最少 

We must minimize the risk of infection.咱们必须将感染的危险降到最低。

没有任何政府官员要求《纽约时报》保存这篇文章。据一位听取了军师方案和匿名谈论秘要方案的高档官员称,报复方案的意图是为了回应由伊朗地对空导弹周四上午击落价值1.3亿美元的无人驾驶侦察机。这次突击原定于星期五黎明前在伊朗进行,意图是将伊朗戎行和布衣面对的危险降到最低。但军方官员不久后得到音讯称,空袭现已间断,至少暂时间断了。

本篇完,译文仅供参考